Visita de Estudo à Igreja Santa Maria do Castelo da Lourinhã
Tiago Pereira

Foi no dia 9 de Novembro de 2011 que a turma A do 8º ano, da EB de Ribamar, visitou a Igreja Santa Maria do Castelo da Lourinhã, assim conhecida por ter sido erguida dentro dos muros do desaparecido castelo. Os alunos foram acompanhados pela professora de História, Maria dos Anjos Luís e pelo professor de EMRC, António César.
A visita começou com uma breve apresentação da história desta igreja, feita pela professora de História. É um edifício gótico, construído na segunda metade do século XIV. As datas entre 1384 e 1396 são apresentadas como o período em que decorreram as obras, porque correspondem à época em que D. Lourenço Vicente, arcebispo de Braga, foi senhor da Lourinhã e, segundo a tradição, teria sido ele a inaugurar o novo templo. No entanto, é provável que as obras tenham sido iniciadas antes, visto que num dos fechos da abóbada da capela-mor se encontra um escudo armoriado em que se lê a palavra “Gonçalves”, apelido de Nuno e Martim Gonçalves, donatários da Lourinhã entre 1336 e cerca de 1370.
Esta igreja foi classificada monumento nacional em 1922 e restaurada, entre 1931 e 1935, pela Direção Geral dos Edifícios e Monumentos Nacionais.

Depois de termos ficado a conhecer a história do templo, começámos a preencher um guião de observação do edifício. É constituído por três naves, as naves laterais estão separadas da nave central por oito arcos ogivais de grande elegância, sustentados por colunas onde assentam capitéis com motivos vegetalistas - folhas e flores - todos diferentes e de grande naturalismo. Admirámos também a bela rosácea, a antiquíssima pia baptismal de oito faces e uma pia de água benta, bela peça gótica. Por fim, observámos duas arcas tumulares pouco trabalhadas: uma delas pertenceria a D. Jordão, primeiro donatário da Lourinhã, sendo caracterizada por ter um escudo com uma lua ao meio e três flores-de-lis, já a outra serviria de túmulo a um elemento da família dos Taveiras, senhores da Lourinhã no século XIII.
De seguida, fizemos o circuito exterior do monumento. Seis contrafortes reforçam as paredes da capela-mor, os quais, por sua vez, estão ligados a seis colunas que, no interior, sustentam a abóbada de cruzamento de ogivas. Também vimos, na porta a norte, conchas de vieiras esculpidas (símbolo dos peregrinos de S. Tiago de Compostela) e admirámos a beleza dos portais virados a oeste e a sul, com os seus arcos ogivais assentes sobre colunas e cujos capitéis estão decorados com motivos naturalistas e cenas do Antigo e Novo Testamento. Finalmente, observámos a torre sineira, obra do século XVI, decorada com pináculos.
Gostei imenso desta visita porque a aula sobre a arte gótica foi dada de uma forma mais prática, o que incentiva os alunos a interessarem-se mais pela matéria. Acho importante a realização de visitas de estudo porque os alunos estão mais atentos e interessados e, deste modo, aprendem melhor os conteúdos das disciplinas.

Aluno do 8.ºA, EB de Ribamar

3 comentários:

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